INTERNATIONAL DAY OF OLDER PEOPLE
Over the next three decades, the number of older people in the world is expected to double, reaching one and a half billion in 2050. The fastest increase in the number of elderly people is expected in North Africa and West Asia, from 29 million to 96 million by 2050 (+226%). In sub-Saharan Africa, the population aged 65 and over could grow from the current 32 million to 101 million in 2050 (+218%). For the more industrialized countries in Europe, North America and Australia, the growth rate will begin to slow down, but we must take into account that these are areas of the world where the population is already significantly older than others.
Architecture is always changing and meeting new needs because of changes in social, economic, technological, political, and demographic considerations. In this perspective, the aging of the population is one of the most significant trends of the twenty-first century. The senior population is growing because of rising life expectancy and falling fertility rates. Architects can significantly improve the quality of life for a segment of the population that is frequently lonely by addressing the root cause of this loneliness. In order to begin to eliminate this stigma and preserve people' independence, living in retirement communities offers opportunities for involvement and connection.
In 1982, in fact, the UN had already adopted the Vienna International Plan of Action on Aging, even if it was only in the nineties that supranational interest in the senior population grew. 1991 is the year of Resolution 46/91 on the United Nations Principles for older People, while in 2002 the Second World Assembly on Aging adopts the Madrid Action Plan on Aging, to respond to the challenges of the 21st century in terms of development for an inclusive society at all ages.